monocytogenes has been associated with some of the deadliest outbreaks in the United States, the standout outbreak occurred in 2011. A Listeria
outbreak traced to contaminated cantaloupes sickened at least 146 persons and lead to 142 hospitalizations and 33 deaths. The outbreak had unusual features beyond the human misery it caused. This was the first listeriosis outbreak associated with melon. A variety of Listeria
strains were implicated. The product was distributed widely and resulted in cases spread out over 28 states. The outbreak size and devastation exceeded that of previous outbreaks traced to contaminated deli meats and unpasteurized cheeses.